The pilot case in Ghana aims to improve the livelihood and food security of transhumant pastoralist livestock production systems leveraging small-scale biobased technologies with Nasia and Yagba-Kubori in the North East region of Ghana serving as the testing sites. They are situated in the Savannah ecological belt of Ghana, which is characterized with intense transhumance pastoralism activities due to grasslands of diverse grass species and a unimodal rainfall distribution. In this context, small-scale green biorefinery and biochar production via pyrolysis are tested together with pelletising technologies. The project will leverage grazing protocols to best meet the needs of nomadic populations in terms of animal feed.
A total of 45 farmer groups, and small, medium, and large-scale farmers in and around Nasia and Yagba-Kubori are providing local forage species to the pilot site. This includes Andropogon Gayanus, Pennisetium Purpureum, Lucaena Leucocephala and crop residues from local legumes, vegetables, cereals, and tuber crops in order to produce fibre/protein grass press cake, protein concentrate and protein whey as well as biochar. The press cake is pelletised and used as cattle feed for local communities and nomads. Protein concentrate, and whey is transported to pig farms and used as animal feed, substituting soya, while some of the protein concentrate is pelletised and used as aquaculture feed for local aquaculture production of Tilapia and cut fish.